My Old Dead Relatives

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Thomas NELSON

Thomas NELSON

Male 1738 - 1789  (50 years)

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  • Name Thomas NELSON 
    Born 26 Dec 1738  Yorktown, York, VA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Also Known As Scotch Tom 
    American Revolution
    Cause of Death Asthma attack 
    Education Cambridge 
    Military Flag
    Military American Revolution - VA, Brig Gen of American army  [1
    Noteworthy Signed the Declaration of Independence 
    Occupation Governor of VA 
    Buried 1789  Grace Church Cemetery, Yorktown, VA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Died 4 Jan 1789  Mt Airy, VA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I5152  main
    Last Modified 21 Aug 2017 

    Family Lucy GRYMES,   b. 24 Aug 1743, Brandon, VA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 18 Sep 1834, Springfield VA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 91 years) 
    Married 29 Jul 1762  York Co, VA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. William NELSON,   b. 9 Aug 1763, Yorktown, York, VA Find all individuals with events at this location
     2. Thomas NELSON,   b. 27 Dec 1764, Yorktown, York, VA Find all individuals with events at this location
     3. Philip NELSON,   b. 4 Mar 1766, Yorktown, York, VA Find all individuals with events at this location
     4. Francis NELSON,   b. 25 Jun 1767, Yorktown, York, VA Find all individuals with events at this location
     5. Hugh NELSON,   b. 30 Sep 1768, Yorktown, York, VA Find all individuals with events at this location
     6. Elizabeth NELSON,   b. 26 Dec 1770, Yorktown, York, VA Find all individuals with events at this location
     7. Mary Lucy NELSON,   b. 19 Dec 1774, Yorktown, York, VA Find all individuals with events at this location
    +8. Lucy Grymes NELSON,   b. 2 Jan 1777, Yorktown, York, VA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 18 Dec 1861, York Co, VA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 84 years)
     9. Robert NELSON,   b. 14 Oct 1778, Yorktown, York, VA Find all individuals with events at this location
     10. Susan NELSON,   b. 3 Oct 1780, Yorktown, York, VA Find all individuals with events at this location
     11. Judith NELSON,   b. 8 May 1782, Yorktown, York, VA Find all individuals with events at this location
    Last Modified 30 Aug 2017 
    Family ID F1869  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBuried - 1789 - Grace Church Cemetery, Yorktown, VA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 4 Jan 1789 - Mt Airy, VA Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Photos
    Thomas Nelson
    t_nelson
    Signer of the Declaration of Independence

  • Notes 
    • Signed the Declaration of Independence

      After his health and fortune were wrecked by the war, he moved his large family to a small estate in Hanover Co. There he died of asthma on January 4, 1789, a week after he became sixty.
      -----
      According to family tradition, the Nelson House served as the second headquarters of Gen. Charles Cornwallis during the siege of Yorktown (September-October 1781), and with Nelson's permission American artillery shelled and hit the house. The historical record indicates that both British and French military personnel likely used it, but their identities cannot be definitely ascertained. And the southeast face of the residence does show evidence of damage from cannon fire.

      The Marquis de Lafayette, who revisited the United States in 1824-25, was quartered there when in the former year he attended the celebration of the anniversary of the Battle of Yorktown, in which he had played a key role.

      The home stands today as part of the Colonial National Historical Park.
      -----

      THOMAS NELSON, JR. was the grandson of Thomas Nelson, known as "Scotch Tom", a merchant-planter who was the American founder of one of the wealthiest of Virginia families. His father was William Nelson, long a member of the Council and at one time acting Governor of the Province, who was generally known as "President Nelson". At the age of fourteen, young Nelson was sent to Eaton in England for his schooling. He subsequently graduated from Cambridge and returned to America in 1761 at the age of twenty-two. While still at sea on his way home from England, he was elected by York Co to the House of Burgesses. The following year, he married Lucy Grymes, daughter of Philip Grymes, Esq. of Middlesex Co. At the time of his marriage, his father gave him a large landed estate and a large sum of cash that enabled him to maintain an elegant lifestyle. The couple eventually had eleven children.
      -----

      In May 1777, while attending congress, he was suddenly attacked with a disease of the head, probably of a paralytic nature, which, for a time, greatly impaired his memory. Nelson returned to Virginia and soon after he resigned his seat in congress. His health gradually improved and his services were again demanded by the public, and by the governor and council he was appointed brigadier general and commander in chief of the forces of the commonwealth. In this office he rendered his most important services to his country in general, and to the colony of Virginia in particular. His ample fortune enabled him, in cases of emergency, to advance money to carry the military. 

  • Sources 
    1. [S24] Daughters of the American Revolution.