- The “Orlando” sailed from Jönköping, Sweden (9 Apr 1870) to Hull, England, but the ultimate destination was New York. Very few records exist before 1878, and nothing has yet been found for the trip from England to the USA.
Although his children should have carried his first name as part of their last names (such as Swansson or Swansdotter), according to Swedish custom, when they arrived in America, they took on his last name (which was derived from his father’s first name, Hans).
Children ages do not match the immigration record (made in 1870), although the parent’s ages match:
- Magnus, recorded as 11 years old, would have been born in 1859
- Carl August, 6, 1864
- Johanna, 9, 1861
- Christina, 11, 1859 (s/b 1849)
- Johannes, 1, 1869
The immigration record also shows another family from the same town traveling at the same time:
- S J. Magnusson, wife Maria, children Wilhemina, Carl Oscar, Emma
- STEAMERS FOR SWEDEN AND NORWAY
The Orlando and Rollo are two fine new screw-steamers built to the order of Messrs. Thomas Wilson, Sons, and Co., steamship owners, of Hull, expressly for the passenger trade between Hull and Gothenburg. They will make the sea passage in forty hours, which will furnish the shortest and most direct communication with Sweden and Norway. Both these steamers are of the following dimensions: length, 260 ft.; breadth, 32 ft.; and depth, 19 ft; tonnage, by register, 1500 tons. Each vessel has five water-tight bulkheads and a long deck-house, covering the engines and boilers. The saloon and sleeping-berths are well arranged for the comfort of the passengers in the centre of the vessel, so as to avoid the motion of the seas as much as possible. The sleeping-berths are large and comfortable, and mostly for only two passengers in one state-room; but there are also family cabins and ladies' cabins, with every comfort and convenience . These cabins, being all on the upper deck, will have excellent ventilation. The accommodation is forty-two first-class passengers and thirty second-class passengers. The engines are compound, with all the modern improvements, surface condensing, and will work up to 1200-horse power. The vessels and engines were built by Messrs. C. and W. Earle, of Hull, who are building also two other vessels for Messrs. Wilson, suitable for the Suez Canal. These new vessels will increase Messrs. Wilson's fine fleet of steamers to twenty-nine, most of which are nearly new, with engines and boilers of an improved class. Two others are building much larger than the Orlando and the Rollo. In the trial trip of the Orlando, with a company of ladies and gentlemen invited by the owners, down the Humber and outside Spurn Head, the vessel attained a speed of twelve knots and a half an hour. The ease and grace of her movements, the comfort and elegance of her passenger accommodation, and the performance of her steam-engines, were much admired. Messrs. Wier and Co.'s atmospheric telegraph is fitted for steering and for steaming. By this apparatus the captain, while standing on the bridge, without uttering a word, or any action but the movement of a handle, is able to give orders to the man at the wheel or the engineer. By his message repeating itself before him he has instant assurance that his orders have reached their proper destination. This system works admirably, and is capable of useful extension to the lighting and signaling of ships. During the trip the party on board sat down to a bountiful and well-served luncheon. Mr. T.W. Palmer, who proposed success to the Orlando and the owners, said he had visited the Clyde, the Tyne, and the Tees, and had seen many of the finest vessels built on those rivers, but he had never seen a finer or better-fitted ship than the Orlando. He complimented the Messrs. Earle on having produced so fine a ship, and the Messrs. Wilson on this important addition to their fine fleet of ships, which he believed was the largest privately owned fleet of steam-ships in the world. [Illustrated London News, Aril 2, 1870 p. 350]
1909, “Orlando” was sold to Castanie, Oran, renamed “Algerie”.
- Småland (Swedish pronunciation: [ˈsmoːland] ( listen)) is a historical province (landskap) in southern Sweden. Småland borders Blekinge, Scania (Swedish: Skåne), Halland, Västergötland, Östergötland and the island Öland in the Baltic Sea. The name Småland literally means Small Lands.
The traditional provinces of Sweden serve no administrative or political purposes, but are historical and cultural entities. The province is divided into the three administrative counties: Jönköping County, Kalmar County and Kronoberg County, which roughly cover the entire Småland province. Smaller areas of Småland, however, are situated in Halland County and Östergötland County.
The area was probably populated in the Stone Age from the south, by people moving along the coast up to Kalmar. Småland was populated by Stone Age peoples by at least 6000 BC, since the Alby People are known to have crossed the ice bridge across the Kalmar Strait at that time.
The name Småland ("small lands") comes from the fact that it was a combination of several independent lands, Kinda (today a part of Östergötland), Tveta, Vista, Vedbo, Tjust, Sevede, Aspeland, Handbörd, Möre, Värend, Finnveden and Njudung. Every small land had its own law in the Viking age and early middle age and could declare themselves neutral in wars Sweden was involved in, at least if the King had no army present at the parliamentary debate. Around 1350, in the reign of king Magnus Eriksson, the first national law code was introduced in Sweden, and the historic provinces lost much of their old autonomy.
In the 19th century, Småland was characterized by poverty, and had a substantial emigration to North America, which additionally hampered its development. The majority of emigrants ended up in Minnesota, with a geography resembling Sweden, combining arable land with forest and lakes. Many came to Texas, recruited by Swante M. Swenson, a wealthy Texas magnate and friend of Sam Houston.
The well known furniture company IKEA was founded in the Småland town of Älmhult.